The last sermon (Khutabul Wada) of Prophet Muhammad

Mount Arafat, where the last sermon was given.

The last sermon of the Prophet-peace be upon him- is known as Khutbatul Wada'. It is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Following Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari refer to the sermon and quote part of it. (See Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361) Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774.

This Khutbah of the Prophet-peace be upon him- was long and it contained much guidance and instructions on many issues. The Prophet-peace be upon him- gave this sermon in front of a large gathering of people during Hajj.

Whosoever heard whatever part of the sermon reported it and later some scholars put it together. It is a great khutbah and we should all pay attention to its message and guidance. Following are the basic points mentioned in this khutbah:

O People
Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefor listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.

O People
Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.

Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn ‘Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived.

Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.

O People
It is true that you have certain rights in regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives, only under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat you women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

O People
Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat.

Perform Hajj if you can afford to.

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefor, do injustice to yourselves.

Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah (Hadith), and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."

Comments

Even if I dont put my rating on that or nobody does the Khutba is one of the most Readable and one papers still in original form for the last 14 centuries. The reason for which I am commenting on this site is only to send a message to all my Muslim brothers and sisters that if we see the life of Prophet (P.B.U.H) we would find that the sermon was given in the intention that after 14 centruries people will rate it our comment on it, it was only given to guide us and let us know what to do in the absence of the Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H), and that is to follow the QURAN and HIS (P.B.U.H) teachings and not to be apart from each others in the name of false ideologies. It is my humble resquest to read the QURAN (if you dont know arabic read it with the meanings) and go through the teachings of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H), and to implement on ourself as much possible. That would be the true way to rate the teachings of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).

Location

Dubai

The first time I read this sermon was 6 months ago while waiting in the corridor outside of my Physics teacher's office, where it was hung on the wall. 6 months ago it was beautiful and inspirational to me. Today it is still the same. 1400 years ago it was perhaps even more s, graced by the lips of Rasulallah (pbuh). Gems these words are that I hope all young Muslims, like myself, will cherish.

Location

Melbourne

I am a muslim who wishes that I could be one who the Prophet can be proud of, I doubt I'm close, but this Sermon simplifies what I want to become.

Location

South Africa

I am a muslim revert to Islam and every time I hear and read the last sermon of the Holy Prophet Muhammad {saw} the tears are flowing from my eyes and my heart is where the Prophet Muhammad { saw} can any one come before him never he is the last prophet and there will be no other, ameen,

Location

england

assalam-o-alaikum,while reading the last sermon of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) i really wished that if i would be there and would have done lot to transffer the scared message of our Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H) which is cent truth. i pray may all the muslim follow the righteous teachings of the last of the Prophet( P.B.U.H)

Location

pakistan-sindh-nawabshah

mashallah and al hamduilla i was lucky to read this sermon. while reading i just got tears in my eyes.i pray that one day we all be rewarded for following this sermon. ameen

Location

dubai

I love you Muhammad, I love you so much.

Location

I will never be able to read this without tears. Allah is big, and this is the most beautiful words from the prophet (swt). May Allah bring peace into all our brethren.Ameen.

Location

home

This short but great sermon offers solution to the problems of the contemporary world.May Allah reward you abundantly for your effort.

Location

London

Alhamdulilahi. The message is ever so inspiring. No matter how many times you read, it is always refreshing. One prays that all the Muslims in the world would pay attention to the message and live the values espoused by it.Jazakum laha Khairan for sharing it.

Location

Port Harcourt, Nigeria

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