Most of the muslims in the World are waiting for the Holy Month of Ramadan and have a basic question on their mind ‘When is Ramadan 2021’. The blessed month of Ramadan begins April 12, 2021 at sunset in America. It begins with special Taraweeh prayers in the late evening, when Quran recitation during the prayers begins, starting from the first part (Juz) of the Quran.
During this month, Muslim Americans join 1.8 million felllow Muslims worldwide in a spiritual journey that incorporates several Islamic rituals. These include fasting from dawn to sunset for 29 or 30 days; congregational recitation of the whole Quran during Taraweeh prayers in the late evening; Itikaf, an intensive spiritual retreat in the last 10 days of Ramadan; paying the obligatory Zakat, in addition to the extra charity often given during this month; seeking Laylatul Qadr, the Night of Power, which notes the beginning of God’s revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad, during the last 10 nights. God’s peace and blessings be upon the Prophet.
Ramadan 2021 ends with the celebration of the holiday Eid al Fitr.
When Does Ramadan start and end in 2021?
- Ramadan begins the evening of Monday, April 12, 2021.
- The first day of Ramadan fast will be Tuesday, April 13, 2021 (Ramadan 1st, 1442 AH)
- Ramadan will end the evening of Tuesday May 11th 2021
Many Muslims however struggle to answer the question “When is Ramadan 2021?” They are likely to answer may be either April 13 or April 14. This is likely to follow a longer explanation: The Islamic Calendar is lunar, not solar, so its dates vary. The above calendar is based on astronomical determination. However, a majority of Muslims rely on the in-person moon sighting method, and they may begin a day later after sighting the crescent as the astronomical birth of the moon may not be visible to the human eye.
What are Key Ramadan 2021 Dates in the United States?
Evening (after sunset) of Monday, April 12th 2021
First day of Ramadan fasting:
Tuesday, April 13th 2021, (Ramadan 1st, 1442 AH)
When to give Zakat-ul-Fitr :
This is an additional charity given in Ramadan to help the poor celebrate Eid better. It is recommended to give it as early before Eid al Fitr. Muslims should plan to do this by April 20, 2021 so that there is time revised for Masjids to distribute it to the poor.
When are the days of Itikaf :
They begin at Asr prayer time on Monday, May 2nd 2021
When do we begin seeking the Nights of Power :
After sunset on Monday, May 2nd 2021
When is the 27th of Ramadan:
Some consider this the Night of Power, Laylatul-Qadr: After sunset on Saturday, May 8th 2021
When does Ramadan end:
The evening of Tuesday May 11, 2021
When is Eid al-Fitr:
Wednesday May 12, 2021 (Shawwal 1st 1442)
When to give Zakat:
Many Muslims prefer to calculate and give Zakat in the month of Ramadan. However, it is their choice.
When to begin fast (Suhoor) and when to end (Iftar): Ramadan Timetable
There are many websites which allow you to download a month-long calendar for your city. Almost all Masjids provide that calendar as well.
The beginning time for the Fajr prayer is when Muslims will stop eating, begin their fast, and prepare for the morning prayers.
“…eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast till the night appears…” (Quran 2:187)
Prophet Muhammad, God’s peace and blessings be upon him, instructed his Companions, may God be pleased with them:
“The call to prayers, Adhan, by Bilal should not prevent you from eating Suhoor (sehri, pre-dawn meal) because he gives Adhan at night, therefore keep eating and drinking until you hear the Adhan of Abdullah ibn Umm Makhtoom since he gives Adhan when Fajr comes out. (Bukhari and Muslim)
However, scholars today differ in when to begin and end the day of fasting based on their understanding. Therefore the time for Suhoor or Sehri might have flexibility of as much as 20 minutes based on what parameters you select. However, Iftar time, with the exception of Jafari Fiqh is the same. Some websites like IslamicFinder.org allow you to pick a particular method.
We recommend you go with your local Masjid time table, or pick a method and follow it.
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What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the name of the ninth Islamic month in the Islamic calendar in which Muslims all around the world fast all day long for 29 or 30 days. It is the month when God began sending down the Quran, the holy book for Muslims. In South Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Turkestan, and Turkey, Ramadan is pronounced as Ramzan.
What is fasting?
Fasting, in one form or another, has always been an important part of religious life, discipline and experience in every faith. However, people fast in many different ways.
In the Islamic fast, Muslims abstain while fasting during the day from eating, drinking, smoking, and sexual activity from dawn to sunset. Muslims also pay special attention to spiritual growth through reading the Quran, offering special prayers at night called Taraweeh, giving more in charity (Sadaqa) and paying the mandatory Zakat during Ramadan.
Prophet Muhammad, God’s peace and blessings be upon him, fasted often. Many Muslims follow his example by fasting on Mondays and Thursdays including on the Day of Ashura, which is the tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram. Muslims believe was the day Prophet Moses, peace be upon him, liberated Jews, a Muslim Passover. Muslims believe that all Prophets preached the same religion sent by God to them. Fasting to thank God Almighty, even outside of Ramadan, is a common practice among Muslims.
What is the purpose of fasting in Ramadan:
God has told Muslims that the purpose of fasting is to achieve a character of piety (Taqwa) and an attitude of gratefulness (Quran 2:183-2:185).
What is Sawm?
Sawm is the Arabic word for fasting. Sawm of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. Not fasting during the month of Ramadan for a healthy, adult, and able Muslim is a sin in the eyes of God (Quran 2:185). Exemptions include pregnancy, nursing, and traveling. Certain chronic health conditions may also excuse a person from fasting.
What is Roza?
Roza is the word for fasting in Urdu, Turkish, Persian, Dari, Pushto, and many other languages.
What is Suhoor or Sehri?
It is a pre-dawn meal before beginning the day-long fast.
What is Iftar?
Iftar is the meal eaten when breaking the fast. It is taken after sunset and before the late evening prayers. It normally includes dates and other snacks. Families usually gather together for this meal.
What is Itikaf?
It is a spiritual retreat at a Masjid (Mosque) or in a secluded place at home in the last ten days of or the last three days of Ramadan. During this time, Muslims completely stay away from all affairs of the world by spending as much time as possible in worship, contemplation, and glorification of God. They take time off of work, school, and their families.
What is Zakat?
Zakat is an obligatory charity for Muslims. It is among the five pillars of Islam, along with fasting in the month of Ramadan. Many Muslims prefer to pay Zakat during Ramadan, with the expectation of higher spiritual rewards. The word Zakat means both “purification” and “growth”. Read more at Sound Vision’s page on Zakat.
Long before Ramadan ends, Prophet Muhammad, God’s peace and blessings be upon him, encouraged Muslims to give special charity. This is different from the obligatory Zakat mentioned above. Zakat-ul-Fitr is meant to help those Muslims who may not otherwise enjoy the celebration of Eid due to poverty.
What is the Night of Power, Laylat al-Qadr?
This night may occur on any of the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. Muslims spend a good part of these nights worshipping God, seeking closeness to Him, as well as forgiveness for their shortcomings. Many Muslims consider it to be the 27th night of Ramadan. In the Quran, this night is described as better than a thousand months. This is when the first revelation of the Quran came to Prophet Muhammad, God’s peace and blessings be upon him. Angels descend that night with the command of God. The Night of Power is a night of blessings and mercy in abundance, when sins are forgiven, and supplications are accepted.
What is Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr means ‘Festival of Breaking the Fast.”
It is first of the two important holidays of Islam. It begins immediately at the end of the month of Ramadan. It is celebrated for up to three days. Muslims offer congregational prayers in the morning, then follow this up with celebrations that include the exchange of gifts, visits to relatives, visit to graveyards to pray for deceased loved ones. It accompanies celebratory food, new clothing, etc. It is a combination of faith, food, and fun. Read more at Sound Vision’s page on Eid al-Fitr.
Ramadan is a blessed month of fasting for nearly two billion Muslims across the world. Much attention is focused on fasting from dawn to sunset, increasing attention to prayers, giving in charity, and performing good deeds.
For those in the United States who were able to work remotely once lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic began last year, the shift to working from home collectively saved 60 million