The last sermon (Khutabul Wada) of Prophet Muhammad

Mount Arafat, where the last sermon was given.

The last sermon of the Prophet-peace be upon him- is known as Khutbatul Wada'. It is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Following Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari refer to the sermon and quote part of it. (See Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361) Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774.

This Khutbah of the Prophet-peace be upon him- was long and it contained much guidance and instructions on many issues. The Prophet-peace be upon him- gave this sermon in front of a large gathering of people during Hajj.

Whosoever heard whatever part of the sermon reported it and later some scholars put it together. It is a great khutbah and we should all pay attention to its message and guidance. Following are the basic points mentioned in this khutbah:

O People
Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefor listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.

O People
Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.

Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn ‘Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived.

Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.

O People
It is true that you have certain rights in regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives, only under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat you women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

O People
Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat.

Perform Hajj if you can afford to.

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefor, do injustice to yourselves.

Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah (Hadith), and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."


A very informative text with good description but there is a confusion if anyone can clear with reference please......Prophet pbuh left 2 things Quran and family of prophet pbuh OR Quran and Sunnah?
Well in the same sermon prophet pbuh raised the hand of Hazrat Ali and said something important that cannot be taken for granted and soon after they celebrated for 3 days.....what announcement was that?



In the name of Allah, the beneficent, the merciful

There are two version of the narration "Leaving Two Things"
1- Which is mentioned above (Quran & Sunnah)
2- Leaving two things namely "Quran & Ahl e bait" and whoever leaves any one of them will go astray.

The first narration is only quoted by one source. The second narration is quoted by many sources. However, if we examine both narrations, we will see the the word "Quran" which is "common" in both narrations.

Now the debatable word is "Sunnah" and or Ahl e bait:

If we investigate about the word "Sunnah" which means the traditions of the holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) and those were demonstrated by him in his life time. His entire traditions encompassed the teachings and commandments of Quran:
Now if we consider the 1st version of the narration which states that; "I am leaving Quran & Sunnah" would mean that he is repeating one requirement twice; because all his "Sunnah" is based on Quran so why is he using the word "Quran & Sunnah" when it means the same requirements to follow?

Also, according to the first narration, he is leaving two Things. Quran is a "Thing" which is with us in physical form and will remain until the day of Judgment without any change or alteration; His Sunnah is not A Thing in physical form and as we all know that there are more than 5 School of Thoughts in Muslims and they do not agree on many issues, narrations and traditions and they have their own understanding of "Sunnah"; I give you a simple example here; Among the major 5 school of thoughts, they all pray Salaat 5 times a day but their Wudu is performed slightly differently? and they all claims that their way of performing Wudu is right way of Sunnah; So, which Sunnah is the right one?

Therefore, the narration stating "Leaving 2 things the Quran & the Sunnah" does not match or contains any logic or relation.

Now we examine the other narration that states "I am leaving 2 things the Quran and my Ahl e Bait":

The Quran is a physical thing which is left and that gives you guidance and if you follow the commands, you will never go astray.

The Ahl e Bait are the "physical thing" who were left behind after the departure of our holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) and who were the perfect examples and closest in observing Prophet's (P.B.U.H) Sunnah and displaying and demonstrating to the Ummah.

In addition to the above statement, there are numerous and continuous chain of Ahadith that shed the light and provides a logical and evidential conclusion to prove that the narration stating "Leaving 2 things" is the right narration of our holy Prophet (P.B.U.H):

Hadis no.1: Prophet (P.B.U.H) said; My Ahl e Bait is like the Ark of Noah (A.S); whoever boards on that Ark will not go astray.

Hadis No. 2: Prophet (P.B.U.H) said; My Ahl e Bait are from me and I am from them {He has said individually for his daughter Fatema (A.S), his son in law Ali (A.S), his grand sons Hassan (A.S) Hussain (A.S); so, if we try to understand the both narrations, we would come to the conclusion that, in the first Hadis, He (P.B.U.H) is directly guiding the Umma to follow Ahl e Bait after him and they will guide you towards the right path and save you from going astray.

In the 2nd Hadis, The Prophet (P.B.U.H) have stated name by name, (Ali a.s, Fatema a.s, Hassn a.s and Hussain a.s) in different occasions the same wording or conjecture and He (P.B.U.H) is trying to make us understand that "his Ahl e Bait are from him and "He" (P.B.U.H) is from "Them" means, they possess all of his qualities, virtues, seer'a and knowledge and if we Muslims wants to seek a guidance after me in order to follow the right path and stay away from going astray, then follow the guidance of his Ahl e Bait.
I would also like to add some very relevant Ayaat (Verses) from Holy Quran that indicates perhaps the direction we have discussed in my above mentioned commentary:

Verse (Al Ahzab 33): Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, Ahl e Bait and to purify you with a thorough purification:

Verse (42:23): "Say no reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin" Allah the High:

Verse (Al Sajda 24) And we made from among them, leaders, giving guidance under our command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in our Ayaat:

Verse (Al Imran 61): But whoever disputes with you in this matter after knowledge that has come to you then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near and your near, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah for the liars:
{(If you see in the books of Hadis and Tafseers, (Sahih Muslim), Prophet (P.B.U.H) brought Ali (a.s), Fatema (a.s), Hassan (a.s) and Hussain (a.s)}
So, the conclusion is that the 2nd narration"I am leaving two things among you" stands clear and above and more likely meets the criteria and fulfil the conditions.

A B Azam



Good, but incomplete,may God advance us in knowledge.


shelton ct

Alhamdullillah, I'm happy to be one of those who belief in the Last Prophet that such a world-class sermon. O Allah! Help Muslims stick to the teachings of the prophet (SAW).


Akwanga, Nigeria

“And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”[al-Anbiya’ 21:107] ‎"Oh Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, news bearer and a warner and as someone who invites people to God by His permission and a shining Lamp" (33:45-46) As the Messenger finished the Last Sermon following revelation came to him, "Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favors upon you and have chosen for you Islam as the way of life for you" (5:3)



ALLAH`s Prophet`s words are important for all the world.if we follow Muhammad(SAW) we will be successful in this world & hereafter.may ALLAH(J.S) protect us from this evil world




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