Reasons to consider divorce

Reasons to consider divorce

The divorce rate in America is one of the highest in the world (over 50 percent). But the divorce rate of Muslims in North America is almost as high, according to New York based sociologist Ilyas Ba-Yunus.

Yes, it's true. Muslims today are divorcing in larger numbers than before. There are clearly problems within families that have not been addressed: dysfunction, miscommunication, and in a number of cases violence and abuse.

But while Muslims are taking this step in larger numbers, what does Islam have to say about it?

The Islamic perspective on divorce

"Divorce is something that is very much discouraged in Islam," explains Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, president of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA).

"It is called, according to one of the Hadith of the Prophet Sal Allahu alayhi wa Sallam (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 'the most hateful thing that is permissible.'"

This stance discouraging divorce needs to be seen in a balanced way, notes Siddiqi.

"It has to be used very carefully," he says.

What are some legitimate reasons for a couple to consider divorce?

There are definitely valid reasons Muslim men and women can seek divorce.

"One legitimate reason is if there is immoral behavior, unIslamic behavior on the part of a spouse," says Siddiqi. "If a spouse is involved in that, then there is a breakdown."

"For example if one of the spouses, God forbid, is involved in adultery or fornication. In that case, they have a right to separate and this is a legitimate ground for separation."

Another valid reason for divorce is apostasy on the part of either spouse. If a Muslim man or woman's spouse leaves Islam, Siddiqi says the marriage is null and void and the couple can no longer be together.

Abdalla Idris Ali is a member of ISNA's executive body and former president of the organization. He adds to the list of legitimate reasons for seeking divorce dishonesty prior to marriage.

For instance, if a husband told his wife before marriage that he did not consume alcohol or drugs and she discovers after marriage that he is an alcoholic or drug addict.

Some other reasons are:

  • a woman was married before and she did not tell her husband
  • a woman marries man and he is impotent, and she finds out after marriage.
  • cruelty
  • a man's inability or refusal to support his wife
  • a wife's refusal to live with her husband or be with him.
  • if one of the spouses is unable to have conjugal relations
  • one spouse feels repulsion towards the other.

Ali, however, cautions against jumping to divorce quickly and adds that every case has to be looked at individually.

"It is one thing to speak about a ruling. It is another thing to speak about a judgement in a certain case," he says in an interview with Sound Vision and RadioIslam.com.

"If you ask me now, what is the ruling in Islam for a young man who commits Zina (adultery and fornication)? I'll tell you Allah says, give him 100 lashes. This is what the Quran says."

"But you bring me a man and say, this man committed Zina. I'm not going just to give him 100 lashes. This is a case. I have to investigate it, to see whether he did it, you cannot just go and apply the rule."

Illegitimate reasons to seek divorce

Along with legitimate reasons for seeking divorce, Siddiqi and Ali also point to those that are not so acceptable.

Siddiqi gives the example of a husband not liking the way a wife cooks or dresses.

"One should not expect perfection on the part of the spouse because nobody's perfect except Allah and His Messenger. Everybody has shortcomings," he says in an interview with Sound Vision from his home in Orange County, California.

"One should have willingness to sacrifice some of the things," he adds. "This is how the family is established, how it becomes a better family.

Another reason that should not be grounds for divorce is just moodiness on the part of a spouse, says Ali.

What can couples do to avoid divorce?

Siddiqi recommends the following steps to couples who are in difficulty:

1. Both spouses should have the fear of Allah. They should remember that if they are unfair to their spouse, they will be judged on their behavior by Allah.
2. They should try to resolve the problem amongst themselves, then within family members
3. They should not hesitate to involve other members of the community. For instance, they should not feel ashamed or embarrassed to meet and speak with their local Imam (if he is someone fair and trustworthy to the husband and the wife).
4. Seek counseling, preferably from a Muslim counselor. If that is not possible than from a non-Muslim counselor. However, they should be aware of Islamic guidelines so they can take advice from that which is in line with Islamic values.

"As physically we can get sick, our relations also can get sick sometimes," says Siddiqi. "The sooner we take care of this problem the better. We should not prolong it. We should resolve the differences as soon as possible and as much as possible. But when problems go on and on, then the wounds will grow."

Siddiqi recommends Muslim couples draft a prenuptial agreement and specify that all conflicts in marriage should be resolved Islamically and in the case of divorce, this process, if it happens, is also handled in a manner in line with Islamic guidelines.

Comments

For more information on counseling, I would refer to audio cassettes by Dr. Ahmed Sakr, who has a very good understanding of both marriage and family problems.

Location

usa

salam, I like to thank you for the email on muslim problems and seek advise for a friend, but like to ask if a woman did not respect her husband properly and her reasons are said to be because he has not had full time work for over 5 years and is not supporting her etc. Keep in mind she is an ambious person and career orienated. She has seperate rooms for last 3 years with her husband and often swears at his parents etc and downgrades him. Even though he did not work on fulltime basis he cooked etc and studied with part time work. He can not communicate with her fully and they have a 12 year old boy. The wife has a very bad temper and likes to dominate but has provide alot for the family. Can you advise please. allah hafiz

Location

manchester

I am a muslim who has married a non-muslim who is god fearing even if she may not wholey believe in the oneness of Allah yet ,but this is my own opinuon,yet i find it very hard at times to talk to her about islam with out it turning into an arguement that creates a barriear between us that seems almost to past beyond.I write to get some helpful feedback on the subject.

Location

columbus ohio

Great article- very useful and succinct. To Riaz: Perhaps you should re-read the article, as well as your duties as a Muslim man/husband. You should feel lucky your wife is even with you, as she has had grounds to divorce you for the last 5 years.

Location

Vancouver

im 14 years old. and it took my dad 6 weeks to divorce my mum. he left my mum and 3 sisters

Location

UK

All the things, you have described in this article. Are enough as a guideline for new married and married couples. But if a wife commits abortion without the permission of her husband. What Islam says about it?

Location

Lahore

I have been married for 6 years now. Early in our marraige i found out about my husband's porn addiction. We had lots of arguments over the years and as a muslim female i keep telling myself to perserve hoping things will get better, ofcourse it is a vicious cycle. He is a wonderful person and a good father but i feel i cannot carry on. I keep asking him to turn to Allah for guidance but he prays and tries for a couple of days until he falls back into his old habits. Is this good enough grounds to divorce my husband? I do not have any desire for him anymore, i've been hurt so much over the years.

Location

asslam alaykum. is it permissible for a women to divorce her husband for another man

Location

manchester

this is the frist time of me being married and my husband is much older than me , we fight alot because he say I don't want to do any thing and that I'm lazy and I'm not the cleanest person in the world but I love my husband with all my heart and I know I need to keep the house clean and cook for my family but at the same time I thought things were to be 50/50 he does what he has to do as a husband n he is great at it I just need to know what to do as a wife he has been married before and this is my frist and I need help so please if you can help me help me cause I don't want to lose the best thing in my life

Location

usa

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