1-800-432-4262
  News | Education | Halal & healthy | Parenting | Teens | Kids | Marriage | The Quran | Glossary 
Audio Video Computer Books Gifts & Things Games


Rate this Article

Eid Mubarak Banner Fireworks - Yellow

$8.95 $6.95
Buy Now


Eid Decoration Gift Pack for Kids (age 2-7)

$44.90 $39.00
Buy Now


Eid Mubarak Balloons - Pack of 40

$11.95 $9.95
Buy Now

The Quran on war, peace and justice

War and terrorism are human failings. Some Muslims are twisting some portions of the Quran to justify their actions. At the same time there are many non-Muslims are misunderstanding certain verses about the Islamic conduct of war when it is forced upon them. Below is a clear explanation that can help clarify misconceptions.

When it comes to the Islamic conduct of war, some of the verses of the Quran that have often been quoted by non-Muslims to "prove" Islam promotes violence and bloodshed are found in Surah 2 verses 190-194:
 
2.190. Fight against those who fight against you in the way of God, but do not transgress, for God does not love transgressors.

2.191. Kill them whenever you confront them and drive them out from where they drove you out. (For though killing is sinful) wrongful persecution is even worse than killing. Do not fight against them near the Holy Mosque unless they fight against you; but if they fight against you kill them, for that is the reward of such unbelievers.

2.192. Then if they desist, know well that God is Ever-Forgiving, Most Compassionate.

2.193. Keep on fighting against them until mischief ends and the way prescribed by God prevails. But if they desist, then know that hostility is only against the wrong-doers.

2.194. The sacred month for the sacred month; sanctities should be respected alike ( by all concerned). Thus, if someone has attacked you, attack him just as he attacked you, and fear God and remain conscious that God is with those who guard against violating the bounds set by Him.

(Based on the translation in "Towards Understanding the Quran"

The Historic Context and the Nature of the Holy Quran

The Holy Quran comprises of revelations from God to Prophet Muhammad over a period of twenty three years (610 C.E. – 632 C.E.). The first 13 years of the prophethood of Muhammad were at his hometown of Makkah (Mecca), where he and his fellow Muslims were severely persecuted by the pagans of Makkah. During that time, Muslims were not ordered to fight back, but bear the persecutions. Finally, God ordered the Prophet and his fellow Muslims (known as Sahabah) to emigrate to the city of Madinah, about 400 kilometers away.

This emigration, known as the Hijrah, marked the beginning of an Islamic society in Madinah, in which the Prophet became the head of the state. It was not long before the polytheists of Makkah marched towards Madinah to wage war against Muslims and destroy the Islamic state of Madinah. This battle is known as the Battle of Badr. The verses 2.190-2.194, above were perhaps the first injunctions from God to Muslims to prepare themselves for fighting. It was obviously a war in the defense of their homeland and their Faith.

In verse 2.190, God instructs Muslims to fight back, but not to transgress and remain just even during the battle. "They are told that material interests should not be the motivation for their fighting, that they should not take up arms against those were not in opposition to the true faith, that they should not resort to unscrupulous methods or to the indiscriminate killing and pillage which characterized the other wars. The excesses alluded to in this verse are acts such as taking up arms against women and children, the old and the injured, mutilation of the dead bodies of the enemy, uncalled for devastation through the destruction of fields and livestock, and other similar acts of injustice and brutality.

The Prophet prohibited all these acts. The real intent of the verse is to stress that force should be used only when its use is unavoidable, and only to the extent that is absolutely necessary.

Commentary on verse 2.192:
God, in whom the believers have faith, is forgiving and ready to pardon even the worst criminals and sinners after they have renounced their arrogant defiance towards Him. It is suggested that this attribute of God should be reflected in the behavior of the believers as well. Hence, whenever the believers have to resort to armed conflict, they should do so not for the sake of quenching their thirst for vengeance but in the just cause of their defense. Their conflict with any group should last only as long as that group is fighting them. As soon as it gives up this fight the hostility should cease.

It should be emphasized that so many revelations in the Holy Quran came down to provide guidance to Prophet Muhammad and the Muslims based on what they were confronting at that time. Therefore, it is important to understand and know the historic context of the revelations for a proper understanding of these verses.

The Prophet Mohamed, peace and blessings be upon him, was the peace maker of his time. He endured torture, hunger and the killing of his loved ones by his enemies, but he remained a merciful person. In his most startling entry of Makkah only four people died. In his 23 years of struggle for peace and justice, the total number of people who lost their lives from all sides was less than 2,000 in wars that were imposed on him and the Muslim community.

Taken from www.islam101.com with permission.


Your Comments

Kadijha , Albany - wrote on 10/1/2011 5:09:20 PM
Rating: Rating

Comment: I am a new muslim and i am seeking futher knowledge about the reason for the violence among muslims. I love begin a muslim ; but i need to understand more. The explaination you gave about the fighting Muhammed did in Al-midina ; helps me understand that concept ; of why he had to ; but those terrorist are making very bad for us . and i relalized that it is very important to understand what was happening at the time those verses were revealed in the Quran. Because ; there is so many misunderstandings about islam and the useless killings among muslims ; makes it very difficult to serve Allah ; without distractions. And everywhere you turn ; someone looks at us as though we are terroists and that is very uncomfortable to some sister who love Allah. All i want to do is to serve Him without being felt terrorized . Because my only interest ; is loving and serving Allah sincerely. How could all of us who are sincere muslims ; convinced people that we are not what they are thinking? please explain.Thank you for that insight.


k ray, phoenix - wrote on 7/20/2011 12:34:02 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: Why not tell the story of Mohammed and his reign of terror, rape and murder from the beginning?


k ray, phoenix - wrote on 7/20/2011 12:32:55 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: Why not tell the story of Mohammed and his reign of terror, rape and murder from the beginning?


Muhammad Azam, Lahore - wrote on 4/23/2011 1:56:44 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: well explained, I hope it is widely read


FARHAN, - wrote on 1/3/2010 3:54:25 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: MASHALLAH brother u have done a nice work .and this article was very impressive.and being a muslims i will say ALLHUMDULLILAH islam is the religion of peace.


Saira, England- Uk - wrote on 1/4/2006 8:04:40 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: the article is very good, however it would be nice to see more quotes regarding peace form the Quran, however i really liked this and well done...i hope to see more =) Saira (age 17)


kamal, chicago - wrote on 7/29/2005 5:37:29 PM
Rating: Rating

Comment: peace Killing any one is wrong, sinful and criminal. May God guide those people who do things like that. For an authentic information regarding this please read: http://www.ciogc.org/pages/Announcements/Terrorism/pageDetailPB1.html


Carollane, USA - wrote on 7/27/2005 11:41:38 AM
Rating: Rating

Comment: I, too, would like to see parts of the Quran that illustrates, as we hear so often, that Islam is a religion of peace. That is, Islam means peace. What I get from Mike's comments is Muslims are either frustrated and angry with us because we have invaded a Muslim country. Or is it? Wasn't Iraq secular, when my country went in looking for nonexistent WMDs? In any event, I think the decision to attack with bombs as the "insurgents" are doing can be found in the reading of parts of the Quran. But also, we can find that Islam would indeed by angry, but not sure the killing that is going on by Muslims would be well thought of by God. Muslims killing Muslims? Muslims killing innocent children, beheading women and killing others? To say nothing of the slaughter of innocent men. I am not a Muslim. I think my question would be. Would Allah approve of all that I have listed above? It's all so very confusing to those of us trying to understand Islam and what it teaches. Can anyone address this? Thank you. When I click on "great," I hope I am meaning the site and not my rather badly written question.


DR. ZULFIQAR A. KAZMI, WASHINGTON, D.C - wrote on 5/11/2005 12:17:01 PM
Rating: Rating

Comment: Wonderful, powerful and informative article.


yahsmin, california - wrote on 5/21/2004 7:22:31 PM
Rating: Rating

Comment: assalamu alaikum! i realize i'm coming to this discussion very late, if not years later. however, by the Grace of Allah, i found this article just at the right moment. with the ongoing media campaign against Islam and those who follow the Deen al Haqq, there is much bigotry being spread about not only Muslims but the Qur'an too. it is unfortunate, but we still understand the nature of wartime propaganda. i just want to thank you all and Mash'Allah, i found this article and this will enable me to provide light in the thickness of dark...


More Comments


   
FREE Newsletter

Loaded with Valuable Deals & Content!

 Name:
 
 Email:
 
 Be the FIRST to receive: FRESH Perspectives, Helpful Tips & Exclusive Product Offers!

 Preferred mail format:
  auto-detect
  text  HTML
 
Search
Articles Products
Search The Quran
YusufAli Pickthall
Surah Ayah
Something to Ask...
O Allah!
With Your Power, we have come to the evening, by You do we live, by You do we die, and to You is the return.
RadioIslam.com
  News | Education | Halal & healthy | Parenting | Teens | Kids | Marriage | The Quran | Glossary 
Copyright © 2014 Sound Vision Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide.
2701 W. Devon Ave., Chicago, IL. 60659, USA
Email: info@soundvision.com · Phone: 773-973-4200
Follow us on: Twitter - Facebook - YouTube
Last update: